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Election of the President: The Electoral College Under the agreement proposed by Connecticut delegate Roger Sherman, … Federalists: Wanted equal power between state and central government. the delegates from Connecticut the representative from New Jersey the president of the Constitutional Convention the representative from Virginia The delegates from Connecticut was primarily responsible for creating the Great Compromise. In this lesson, students will learn how the Founding Fathers debated then resolved their differences in the Constitution. the first constitution of the United States. They thought it did nothing for the people. how states would be represented in the legislative branch. The question of whether to continue the practice of enslavement had not been at the forefront of national politics, came to great prominence once again. Allyn Cox: The Constitutional Convention Part of the more than 800,000 square miles bought from France in the Louisiana Purchasein 1803, it was known as the Louisiana Territory until 1812, when it was renamed to avoid confusion with the newly admitted state of Louisiana. They wanted more power to the Federal government so they could be more a country. Henry Clay gained the nicknames "the Great Pacificator" and "the Great Compromiser" because of his role in the Missouri Compromise. After the Mexican-American War (1846–1848), the United States gained vast tracts of territory in the West, including the present-day states of California, Arizona, and New Mexico. What is a general description of the relationship of the states under the Articles? Explain. Which house of the legislative branch was created for the people? While seeking to protect the rights of individ… The Constitutional Convention considered several possible methods of selecting a president. Who was the oldest member of the Constitutional Convention? The Compromise of 1850. Why did the public like the Articles of Confederation? A republic is a country governed by elected representatives. The Great Compromise called for a bicameral legislature--The House of Representatives would have representation based on population and The Senate would have equal representation for each state. It looks like your browser needs an update. The contradictions inherent in the expansion of white male voting rights can also be seen in problems raised by western migration. They thought it put too much power into the hands of the federal government. What was significant about the fact that the federal government under the new Constitution could now levy taxes? All the newspapers love the Federalists. Connecticut Compromise, also known as Great Compromise, in United States history, the compromise offered by Connecticut delegates Roger Sherman and Oliver Ellsworth during the drafting of the Constitution of the United States at the 1787 convention to solve the dispute between small and large states over representation in the new federal government. What did it state. a system to allow territories in the Western Land Claim to become states as they grew in population. What were some accomplishments of the US government under the Articles of Confederation? Federal means power is shared between the states and the national government. They feared a central government with too much power. List the weaknesses of the Confederation Congress. The key to a successful organization is to have a culture based on a strongly held and widely shared set of beliefs that are supported by strategy and structure. This idea was rejected, however, because some felt that making such a choice would be too divisive an issue and leave too many hard feelings in the Congress. What was similar between the New Jersey and Virginia Plans? They liked that the central government was weak because they feared a strong one. What was the primary concern of people who opposed the Constitution? The Virginia Plan (also known as the Randolph Plan, after its sponsor, or the Large-State Plan) was a proposal by Virginia delegates for a bicameral legislative branch. List the compromises that the Framers reached in creating the New Constitution. What was the second major issue in the Constitutional Convention? The convention agreed that to avoid corruption, there needed to be a balance of powers. They made a Rule of Secrecy. How many chief executives did the delegates decide upon and how did they attempt to limit the power of the position? No power to make the states to obey the treaties that were signed. What two promises did Federalists make to win the support of those who initially opposed the Constitution? When the Missouri Territory first applied for statehood in 1818, it was clear that many in the territory wanted to allow slavery in the new state. Land was divided into townships, sections, and squares for sale. To ensure the best experience, please update your browser. The Great Compromise which created bicameral legislature (Senate and House of Rep) In Senate- 2 votes for everyone. New Jersey plan made it so that each state had equal representatives in the senate and the House of Rep let the population decide. Declared unconstitutional in Dred Scott v. Sandford some Southerners because it set precedent. Statesmen Roger Sherman and Oliver Ellsworth of Connecticut it is a general of. To do about the slave trade basic framework for how a government will work delegates arrived in Philadelphia May! As a military army a territory before it could elect a legislature, to! 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