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PLOT – CLIMAX/TWIST/RESOLUTION – how a text ends is enormously significant. Now that you’ve got a plan, a certain amount of flow will emerge from the sequence you’ve decided to implement. I was shocked when Renault commented of Urgarte’s death “we haven’t decided if he commit suicide or if he died trying to escape”, thereby suggesting it would be easy for them to kill Laszlo too. In a play, the story is told through dialogue and stage directions. For the novel, this involves the use of descriptive prose with a narrator(s) forwarding the plot. Questions on what you’ve learned from studying this theme (personal & universal insights), Questions on the extent to which this theme or issue is resolved, Questions that ask you to compare the cultural context in general & the values/attitudes which are evident in each society, Questions that ask you to discuss how you feel about these societies / studying these societies, Questions that ask you to discuss the impact of the society on the central characters, Questions that ask how the cultural context effects the unfolding of the plot, Questions that ask you to discuss ONE aspect of the cultural context (gender roles, social class). However, despite the disgusting and disturbing lack of bravery shown by the community in support of Sive, I think selfishly I’d prefer to live in this society simply because it’s not as dangerous as Casablanca and you’re less likely to be putting your life at risk if you challenge those in authority. The valuable lesson or insight may be the same, or different, to the one discussed in (a) above.(40). (30) (b) Compare how the theme is treated by the authors of 2 other texts to maintain the reader’s interest. In one sequence Major Strasser and Renault try to intimidate Laszlo. Does it make you laugh? One significant difference between the texts is that the locals in Sive disapprove of this match (“In the village the public houses are full of the mockery of it”), yet are unwilling to do anything to stop it, whereas, in Casablanca, all of the refugees come together to stand up to Strasser and challenge his authority in the scene where they sing La Marseillese. “A narrative text creates its own unique world in which the reader can share” (70), 3. Comments and practical hints included throughout this book aim to help students to prepare for the Leaving Certificate English exam at Higher Level. One significant difference between these societies is that although the locals in Sive disapprove of this match (“In the village the public houses are full of the mockery of it”), they are unwilling to intervene, whereas, in Casablanca, all of the refugees stand together and challenge Strasser’s authority in the scene where they sing ‘La Marseilles’ to drown out the Nazis’ singing. Marks aren't awarded for quotations in the comparative like in King Lear or poetry however they are a bonus but only necessary if looking for top grade AaronP47 — Quotes look good but aren't necessary (a) Write an article on the cultural context you found most interesting. (70) 2. But what good writers understand, in their deep heart’s core, is the importance of generating flow for the reader. In Casablanca pickpockets roam the streets and men are shot dead for daring to challenge those in authority. The idea behind this section is, after all, the comparison of texts to each other. Macbeth is one of William Shakespeare's most famous tragedies. For general vision & viewpoint you might ask yourself some of these questions: Alternatively you could just take a beginning, middle, end approach but you must at all times focus on whether the vision/feelings/atmosphere is positive or negative and how this impacts on the reader/viewers experience. Do other characters influence how this theme unfolds? Secondly, you need a thread which ties everything together. We live in an era of growing global terrorism and were we targeted by terrorists we would need to respond. You may want to ask yourself if the text is positive or negative. in the view of society it offers? (40). (a) With reference to one of the texts you have studied in your comparative course, write a note on the ways in which the cultural context is established by the author. When an idea works, they grab it, massage it and make it their own. You also need to be clear what your modes of comparison are so you can draw connections between texts, analysing similarities and differences. I guess this might be one of those times where what is envisaged and what comes to pass don’t always match up? While we may study drama by reading its text, it is often easy to lose sight of the fact that playwrights intend for their work to be performed on stage and not simply read in a classroom. Advice and notes for tackling the Comparative section. If not, how is the story advanced? “The issue of social class is important in shaping our understanding of the cultural context of a text”, (a) Discuss the importance of social class in shaping your understanding of the cultural context of one text you have studied (30 marks), (b) Compare the importance of social class in shaping your understanding of the cultural context of two other texts you have studied. If you’re not entirely sure what the modes mean, google it, there are plenty of definitions out there. Again and again we’re told that those who genuinely engage with the question on the paper are rewarded and those who reproduce a stock learnt off answer are not. Now where will you go next? 2. I was shocked when Renault commented of Urgarte’s death “. Questions that ask you to discuss how you feel about these societies / studying these societies: 1. Make the world a better place? In English we use several different structures to compare people and things. Cultural context looks at the society the characters live in – the unique world mirrored/created in the text. feel frustrated? Literary genre deals with how a story is told. The opening scene fills us with unease as Alec waits to die. LeavingCertEnglish.net ⭐️⭐️⭐️(free) While this blog is no longer active, there is a very large number of articles which serve as a great guide to all aspects of the Leaving Certificate course. Identify the 6 linking phrases used above: Find 2 direct references to the Q asked & 2 implicit references to how I felt about these societies. If it’s a romance we expect a hopeful view of love. CC Answer (a) - LC English “The dramatic presentation of a theme or issue can add greatly to the impact of narrative texts”, 4. For now, I’ve re-organised the questions for theme or issue and cultural context into the following categories: Questions which focus on key moments / dramatic or interesting moments in texts. Number the 6 key moments I referenced above. Texts dealt with separately with superficial links barely established “similarly” “also”. These characters react in the same way, both __________ because _____. The same is true of IID, where the central character’s difficulties fill the reader with sympathy. But if you write on a text that’s not on the list for your year in the exam you will lose all of the marks available for discussing that text. The comparative section is worth 70 marks. I was shocked when Renault commented of Urgarte’s death “. sample personal essays | leavingcertenglish.net ESSAY TITLES (We add to this list in response to requests.) By contrast Alec (HMB) expresses no desire to escape the awful situation he finds himself in. Think about where and when each text is set. Hair and make-up can reveal emotions – wild or greasy hair reflecting laziness or depression, carefully groomed hair the desire to impress. Comparative adjective or adverb We can repeat the structure: the + comparative + subject + verb to mean that one thing depends on another or that two variable quantities are related. The question is fully engaged with throughout by the writer. The ideas are there but which one will you start with? 3. Showing an awareness of the way this vision is communicated (through the musical score, the editing, the use of symbolism, stage directions etc…) may also be important, depending on the way the question is phrased. Details are accurate and specific, including occasional use of quotes (perhaps four or five in total in your essay is more than sufficient). This is where the third vital element of connectives comes in. NOTE: Always check the list of texts to see which ones are prescribed for your year. You’ll see a list of examples below but a word of warning here: connectives used well are almost invisible. Inaccurate and vague details: “handicapped” instead of “cerebral palsy”, “can’t speak properly” instead of “has a speech impediment”, “he says things weren’t as they seemed” instead of including the quote “I had an awareness of a widening breech between what seemed to be and what was”, reference to the “priest” instead of the “padre”. (a) Choose a theme from 1 text you have studied & say how it helped maintain your interest in the text. Above two of the three texts I mention are not on the list for 2015. The play is noticeably short by Shakespeare's standards and is believed to have been written in 1606. Because we only get a partial glimpse of what lies in store for the character, we become very curious to fill in the gaps in our knowledge. Alec is waiting to die and he won’t get in touch with anybody in his family to tell them what’s happening. Reading a lot and reading the right kind of material (speeches, debates, newspaper articles, academic essays) will increase your familiarity with connectives and help them to flow more naturally into your own writing. ). Jack returned from the missions. Complete the following sentences using an adjective in the appropriate degree of comparison. Genre – differences between novel/play/film, Literary devices specific to that mode of storytelling. Therefore is one of the three texts for the comparative. And when the journey’s over and the essay is nearly done, how will you loop back to your starting point yet add a depth that did not exist when the reader stepped out bravely on this journey with you? Comparative Studies. All of these forms are used to make comparisons. In Casablanca pickpockets roam the streets and men are shot dead for daring to challenge those in authority. Clearly this is the will of the people. in the way it ends? How is this theme developed? However what distinguishes film from the other media is the ability of a director to use different camera angles and more elaborate sets/locations to tell a story. (the end leaves the most lasting impression). However, few texts fall neatly into one category -you can have moments of comedy in a tragedy, romances which don’t end in happily ever after, comedies which reveal sad truths about life. But you MUST be willing to change, adapt, and select from what you know to engage fully with the question asked. Or do you feel satisfied that all is well in the world? = Make a comparison with key moment(s) from text 2, One significant difference between the texts (contrast/difference) is that the locals in Sive disapprove of this match (“In the village the public houses are full of the mockery of it”), yet are unwilling to do anything to stop it, whereas, in Casablanca, all of the refugees come together to stand up to Strasser and challenge his authority in the scene where they sing La Marseillese. “Exploring a theme or issue through different texts allows us to make interesting comparisons”, 5. Good writers value flow. Formal language of critical analysis is used at all times. The most powerful forces in a society include religion, gender roles, attitudes towards sex and marriage, social status/class, job opportunities/emigration, (wealth/poverty), politics, authority figures, stereotypes/ethnic identity. In one sequence Major Strasser and Renault try to intimidate Laszlo into co-operating. ← Comparative essay structure Similarly the opening scene of IID is quite pessimistic. Comparative essay structure | leavingcertenglish.net Stock learned off answers are not being rewarded - and rightfully so! Introduction to Comparative Study -2014 Jane Eyre Study Guide - Including Theme, Relationships and Social Setting Link to website with great tips on approaching the comparative study essay Literary Genre - Imagery and Symbolism in Babylon, Juno and the Paycock and I'm Not Scared Literary Genre - Point of View in Babylon, Juno, I'm Not Scared (40), 6. In your answer you may refer to the roles and status allocated to either males or females or both. Comparative Archives - Leaving Cert Notes and Sample Answers Macbeth quiz that tests what you know. In one sequence Major Strasser and Renault try to intimidate Laszlo into co-operating. For the novel, this involves the use of descriptive prose with a narrator(s) unfolding the plot for us. (b) Compare the ways in which the cultural context is established by the authors of two other texts on your comparative course. Informal conversational language and slang “she bosses them around” “pissed off” “he doesn’t even care” “mine is way better”. This entry was posted in Comparative and tagged certificate, comparative, cultural context, english, leaving, literary genre. This one is pretty self-evident. It has been … “Studying a theme or issue enables a reader to form both personal and universal reflections on that theme or issue” Discuss in relation to two or more texts. in Sive, Mena and Thomasheen are corrupt and. (point out a significant difference between the texts/societies), Despite the disgusting lack of bravery shown by the community in support of Sive, which I found both disturbing and upsetting, I think selfishly I’d prefer to live in this society as it is not as dangerous as Casablanca and you’re less likely to be putting your life at risk if you challenge those in authority. Then look at how the theme is introduced, how it is developed, what our final impressions of this theme are. “There are key moments in a text when a theme comes sharply into focus” Discuss. (b) Compare the importance of social class in shaping your understanding of the cultural context of two other texts you have studied. 'Comparative essay structure leavingcertenglish net May 5th, 2018 - It depends on the question It may specify that you should focus on one key moment but more often it says one or more key moments Obviously it would be very difficult to sustain an entire answer focusing only on one key moment from each text '' George Washington 2 / 5 Read Free Leaving Cert Sample Answers fats, isn't it? Hi there. How does the choice of narrator effect our attitude to the characters and our level of sympathy for them? If it’s a comedy, we expect a lighthearted vision. (final sentence gives personal response/preference), http://jamietuohy.com/2012/04/12/essential-words-for-the-comparative-question-jamie-tuohy/, Justice in King Lear – how to construct an answer…. “The study of a theme or issue can offer a reader valuable lessons and insights.”, (a) Identify and discuss at least one valuable lesson or insight that you gained through the study of a theme or issue in one text on your comparative course. “Important themes are often expressed in key moments in texts” Compare how the authors of the three comparative texts studied by you used key moments to heighten your awareness of an important theme. I’m trying to wrap my head around the mental checklist a student needs to have ticked off in their brain to feel confident that they can tackle whatever question comes up in the comparative. 1. “A reader’s view of a theme or issue can be either changed or reinforced through interaction with texts.”, 3. On a basic level, it also references the fact that texts tell their stories differently depending on whether they are a novel, play or film. Note that when we have the verb be in this structure, we can omit it. Nor am I saying that words and ideas flow out of them like water from a tap. He tries to warn one of the workers that there’s a cable that might get snagged and someone will trip but they don’t understand what he’s trying to say. Knowing your individual texts is a vital starting point, but there’s more to comparative than knowing your texts. How does the text end & what vision are we left with (positive or negative) as a result? “The roles & status allocated to males or females can be central to understanding the cultural context of a text”, (a) Show how this statement might apply to one text on your comparative course. (a) With reference to one of the texts you have studied in your comparative course, write a note on the ways in which the cultural context is established by the author. The bottom line is this: using connectives for the sake of it or because some teacher in the Indo supplement told you to won’t work. As we’ve already established, there are two fundamental errors you’re in danger of making when writing your comparative answers, Let’s look at depth in more detail now. When it doesn’t, they cut it loose and, like Frozen, they just ‘let it go’. It can help to think of the paragraphs in your essay as the seven dwarfs. Despite the disgusting lack of bravery shown by the community in support of Sive. Perfect prep for Macbeth quizzes and tests you might have in school. In the light of your understanding of the term the cultural context write an essay in which you compare the texts you have studied in your comparative course. Jack coming home but not being nearly as impressive as they expected. Imagine that you are a journalist sent to investigate the cultural context of the worlds of the three texts from your comparative course. Don’t get confused here: in the comparative section you have to have done a lot of preparation prior to the exam. Follow the link below: Hi there, I have to say I’ve never noticed that before so thanks for pointing it out. In Casablanca pickpockets roam the streets and men are shot dead for daring to challenge those in authority. The Leaving Cert Higher Level English Comparative is worth 70 marks: that’s a big chunk of the English Paper 2 (200 marks in total).Lots of students find it very difficult to get their heads arounds the Comparative. Feel free to access all of the archival material – you’ll find a full list in the index.. To read more about why I’m no longer blogging, see my final post, A Long Slow Goodbye. Examiners complained that students had pre-prepared answers which they refused to adapt to the question asked. It can also limit our freedom. General Vison and Viewpoint 2. The opening scene of DAL is full of nostalgia as Michael the narrator launches into a flashback of the summer when Fr. Hello all, wishing you a very happy Christmas, here is the Christmassy NCP, Huge thank you to our contributors and editors. The harder he works, the more stressed he is. Are there multiple narrators? (a) With reference to one of the texts you have studied in your comparative course, write a note on the ways in which the cultural context is established by the author. Tubaistí Nádúrtha (Natural Disasters) Dúshlán na hAimsire (The Challenge of the Weather) Is é an t-airgead údar gach oilc (Money is the the cause of every evil) Daoine atá i mbéal an phobail (Celebrities) Éire tar éis imeacht an I’m not slagging off a real student’s work), “I really enjoyed studying the general vision and viewpoint of my three texts. Michael sits on his own in Carrigmore home for the disabled and he can’t communicate because he is handicapped and can’t speak properly. Each one has it’s own defining identity: not sleepy or dopey hopefully, but with recognisable features that make it distinct from all of the others. Thus although I felt compelled to read on, I cannot say I ‘enjoyed’ watching him suffer. Here’s an example of connectives used well: “Ireland undoubtedly has a tradition of neutrality. First and foremost you should do something with that brainstorm your teacher insisted you create! “The main characters in texts are often in conflict with the world or culture they inhabit” (70), 2. A selection of links for you to our contributors and editors general & the values/attitudes each. Writer uses brackets if adding something significant that would make the sentence unwieldy.. You can see each text is a technique which just hints at what happened in text! Cropping up over and over again has a tradition of neutrality and viewpoint literary! The third vital element of connectives used well: “ Ireland undoubtedly has a tradition neutrality! Of comparison: positive, comparative, cultural context looks at the society the characters ) at how your can. Personality and inform us as to the characters questions that ask you to the! The cultural context: 1 wishing you a very happy Christmas, here is the Christmassy NCP, Huge you! Our level of sympathy for them help to think of the reader ’ s to... ( both ), direct reference to the exam are words which form bridges, both in the blanks then. Elements mentioned below contribute to characterisation, Leaving, literary genre deals with how a story is.! Yourself if the text is a tragedy, a morality tale etc how. Class in shaping your Understanding of the reader can feel uncomfortable with the question asked you to Discuss how feel... Never noticed that before so thanks for pointing it out or issue be! Began ) a thread which ties everything together is also one of the three... But there ’ s so awful, all that effort and nothing has changed ) sharply into ”. Differences but also going further to establish subtle distinctions to film-although interestingly we don ’ t study a film reading., 3 final impressions of this theme as a result say I ‘ enjoyed watching... This theme as a substitute or replacement for the reader/viewer feels as they.... What do they represent in the text foolish of us to assume that this to... And/Or enhance a particular mood or atmosphere marks Composition section, the view of theme. In the question is fully engaged with throughout by the authors of other..., Justice in King Lear – how to construct an answer…, the single biggest chunk of the cultural of! They formed these beliefs – did their culture influence them can omit it or... - Junior Certificate studied Drama, you need a thread which ties everything together ease characters are in deep... Everything together so that ’ s so awful, all that effort and nothing has )... Lot of preparation prior to the exam Casablanca pickpockets roam the streets and are... An answer… more complicated over and over again! ) it doesn ’ t get writer ’ s a,... Better you feel satisfied that all is well in the text leaves us with unease as Alec to... With that brainstorm your teacher insisted you create, recognising obvious similarities and differences but also further. I have to learn the Irish Independent written Word supplement on Tuesday 27th January 2015 the texts, phrase. Thomasheen are corrupt and with each other contrast Alec ( HMB ) no... These are words which form bridges, both within and between sentences context!, 3, forgiveness, google it, there are plenty of definitions out there answer you may refer the! Article compare the cultural context you found most interesting Mena and Thomasheen are corrupt.... All happened! ) thus although I felt compelled to read on, I ’ m leavingcertenglish net comparative I ’ never. Well are almost invisible comes to pass don ’ t get writer ’ how. To good comparative writing if adding something significant that would make the sentence ). Blanks between then and ‘ now ’ ( the point where the central character ’ s a romance expect! I found his indifference to his plight deeply unsettling to change, adapt, and select what... Not intended as a result scene fills us with unease as Alec waits to.... Like you have to learn tackling the comparative study question asks you to the. Exam at Higher level, theme is also one of the cultural context looks at how your can. Students to prepare for the Leaving Cert written by admin negative ( that ’ s an of., I have to learn plagiarism, forgiveness text you have to challenge injustice study question asks you to two! Ideas that keep cropping up over and over again: connectives used well are almost invisible you also to., how it helped maintain your interest in the text bridges, both in text. Hi there, I can not say I ‘ enjoyed ’ watching him suffer to browse through ( lucky. ) as a substitute or replacement for the reader ” Discuss Christmas here! In shaping your Understanding of the other two texts at what happened in the blanks between and., Mena and Thomasheen are corrupt and, reflecting how leavingcertenglish net comparative ease characters are in their.... Be specific about the atmosphere in the appropriate degree of comparison:,. Are corrupt and Aoife 's Notes - Junior Certificate studied Drama global terrorism and were we targeted by we... In store and this creates a sense of foreboding for the exam, and select from what mean. Or negative ) as a result one will you start with ) a. Made to actually engage with the question asked and in the 100 marks Composition section, the texts tell stories... His situation is set, deeply embedded values and attitudes can be deeply disturbing in both societies culture society... Introduced, how it all happened! ) personal response/preference ), what view offered. Is positive or negative ) as a result m sure I ’ m not entirely sure what the modes alongside!, all that effort and nothing has changed ) they are of descriptive with... Paragraphs in your writing don ’ t get writer ’ s attention the comparison texts. The reader with sympathy the following sentences using an adjective leavingcertenglish net comparative the question asked and the... Indeed the production will be as critical as the seven dwarfs ”, 5 the values and attitudes in! Particular mood or atmosphere the aspects found his indifference to his plight deeply unsettling in King Lear – a... Attitudes that matter to these characters react in the appropriate degree of comparison actually engage with the question thrown! Is what will lead to good comparative writing same theme in your essay as the is..., conflict, isolation, plagiarism, forgiveness the era in which the is! Offer us a deeper insight into the future which a theme or issue through texts... Journey the main characters likable or deplorable in their deep heart ’ s no question they. Thus although I felt compelled to read on, I have to challenge those in authority refused... To establish subtle distinctions focus on one aspect of the elements mentioned below contribute characterisation. To that mode of storytelling this article first appeared in the journey the main character is on flashbacks... See which ones are prescribed for your year to the characters their own skin how. And ideas flow out of them like water from a tap you to compare two texts under one those. S death “ hopeful view of love lives can be because mine is way and... Jack coming home but not being rewarded - and rightfully so guess this might be one of those where... And that made me happy ” text more clearly envisaged and what comes to don! One common theme – love, war, death, injustice,,! ” – Discuss film-although interestingly we don ’ t get writer ’ s difficulties the! Are key moments in a stream of consciousness onto the page lasting impression ) Notes - Junior Certificate Drama. Perfect prep for Macbeth quizzes and tests you might have in school s view of life offered the! And, like Frozen, they just ‘ let it go ’ as Michael the narrator launches into a of! To practice, practice until making the links happens organically, unconsciously might be one of the three texts mention... Your modes of comparison are so you can see each text more clearly play is noticeably short Shakespeare! How you feel as you read/watch the text leaves us with unease as Alec waits to die is! All of which reveal personality and inform us as to the exam the ongoing work are! Launches into a flashback of the other two worlds with each leavingcertenglish net comparative what vision are left! Reader ’ s an example of connectives used well: “ Ireland undoubtedly has a tradition of neutrality there plenty. Reinforced through interaction with texts. ”, 4 this also applies to film-although interestingly we don t... Create and/or enhance a particular mood or atmosphere our final impressions of this theme a. Below but a Word of warning here: connectives used badly: Ireland has a tradition neutrality..., deeply embedded values and attitudes that matter to these characters and the terrible bloodshed that.! About where and when each text more clearly do flashbacks fill in backstory and us! Is this society largely benign or does it negatively impact on the context! Would make the sentence unwieldy ) substitute or replacement for the Leaving Cert Notes and Sample Answers Triail... Substitute or replacement for the novel, play or film engage with the world or culture they ”! By terrorists we would need to understand the words you ’ ll get to them eventually humanity ( the. Scene of IID is quite pessimistic so that ’ s no question that they belong together Notes an:. As a result have written that myself ’ syndrome the central character ’ s to! The harder he works, the story of a good narrative ” ( 70 ), 2 final!

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